Major Events Pre-1950

Partition of India

Editor's note: This is a listing of personal stories and articles related to the partition of India, 1947.

On this website

Indira Kumar Born in Lahore in 1929, she remembers life in pre-Independence Lahore, and how it changed before partition.   My Memories of Lahore and the Partition

Bimla Goulatia Remembers the family's move from Meghiana to India.  A Child's Horrifying Memories of India's Partition

Pran Bhatla Bimla Goulatia's older brother's account of the family's move.  From Meghiana to Hoshiarpur, 1947

Veena Sharma Memories of a seven year old girl.  From Balloki to Shimla - August 1947

R P Bhatla

A young boy's memories of life in a Punjab village A Prosperous and Peaceful Village Life - Pre-Partition

His account of the move.  From Kot Khan Pakistan to India 1947

The problems faced in resettlement.  Our Struggle to Recover from India's Partition

His account of how the family recovered. Prosperity Returns - Partition Problems Overcome

Kamalaben Patel The story is about one of the most painful aspects - recovery and repatriation of women left behind  (in Gujarati).  Women in the Partition

S K Sinha A general remembers . 1947: Partition in the Army

Anand Sarup

A young man remembers how the family that wanted to stay behind was forced to leave. Forced to leave Okara, Pakistan (Part 1)

His account of the journey.  From Okara to Ludhiana (Part 2)

His account of the family's recovery.  Rehabilitation in Ludhiana (Part 3)

Surjit Mansingh. Memories of ten-year old girl whose family lived in India and did not relocate. My Experience Of India's Partition

R C Mody

Description of what happened. Acceptance of India's Partition by Indian leaders - June 2 1947

Description of what happened. Acceptance of India's Partition by Indian leaders - June 3 1947

External links

Subhadra Butalia Audio Slideshow: A memory of partition

Various people Partition memories

Mohinder Paul Singh Bedi Remembering partition

Dr Gautam Sachdev Remembering partition,,2154132,00.html

Inder Kumar Gujral and others Remembering partition

If you know of any other free-to-use web-based external links that feature personal memories or accounts of the Partition, please send them to the editor at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it


Tagore and the Jallianwala Bagh massacre 1919

Editor's Note: This is a public letter written by Rabindranath Tagore to Lord Chelmsford, Viceroy of India. In this letter, Tagore protests the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in Amritsar, Punjab (April 1919), and renounces the knighthood that had been conferred on him in 1915. The letter was published in The Statesman (June 3, 1919), and in the Modern Review (July 1919).

31 May 1919

Your Excellency,

The enormity of the measures taken by the Government in the Punjab for quelling some local disturbances has, with a rude shock, revealed to our minds the helplessness of our position as British subjects in India.

Read more: Tagore and the Jallianwala Bagh massacre 1919

Jinnah Fourteen Points: 1929

Editor's note:In a meeting of the Council of All India Muslim League on March 28, 1929, Quaid-i-Azam Jinnah termed the 1928 Motilal Nehru Report, available here, as a Hindu document, but considered simply rejecting the report as insufficient. He decided to give an alternative Muslim agenda. It was in this meeting that Quaid-i-Azam presented his Fourteen Points.

Read more: Jinnah Fourteen Points: 1929

Lucknow Pact between Congress and Muslim League 1916

Editor’s Note: The Lucknow Pact was an agreement between the Indian National Congress, led by Bal Gangadhar Tilak, and the All-India Muslim League, led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah. The agreement was adopted by the Congress and the League in their separate meeting in Lucknow in December 1916. The pact asked the British to give more authority to Indians.

Images from A. Berriedale Keith, ed. Speeches and Documents on Indian Policy, 1750-1921. Vol. II. London: Humphrey Milford, Oxford University Press, 1922 are reproduced below. The attached pdf file has the full text.

Read more: Lucknow Pact between Congress and Muslim League 1916